Artfield Fell wind farm is located in Southern Scotland, UK. It was brought online in 2005 and is owned by SSE.
It is near Dumfries & Galloway, Luce.
See below for data.
Typically, economic wind machines require a wind speed of 4.5 m/s (16 km/h) or more.
An ideal position for a project like Artfield Fell might have a near constant flow of non-turbulent wind year round, with a minimum likelihood of abrupt potent bursts of wind. An important factor of turbine siting is furthermore access to local requirement or transmission capaDumfries & Galloway, Luce.
During the planning stages the Artfield Fell wind farm would have been checked and validated through wind measurements. Meteorological wind data alone is usually not adequate for accurate siting of a large wind power project.
Collection of site-specific data for wind speed and direction would have been important to determining site potential to be able to finance the project. Local winds are often monitored for a year or more, and comprehensive wind maps constructed before wind generators are installed.
The wind hits more rapidly at higher altitudes because of the reduced influence of drag. The increase in velocity with altitude is most spectacular near the surface and is impacted by topography, surface roughness, and upwind obstructions such as trees or buildings. Velocity rises with altitude and is also more obvious near land and is altered by topography, surface and obstructions.
Wind speeds raising with altitude is part of a wind energy law. This forecasts wind speed rises with the 7th root of altitude. Increasing the elevation of a turbine, then, enhances the predicted wind speeds by 10%, and the anticipated power by 34%.
In general, a distance of 7D (7 × Rotor Diameter of the Wind Turbine) is set between each turbine in a fully developed wind farm. But micrositing increases placement, particularly in hilly areas.
Artfield Fell turbines are connected via medium voltage lines and communications.
At a substation, this kind of medium-voltage electric current is elevated in voltage with a transformer for link with the high voltage transmission system. Construction of a land-based wind farm requires setting up the collector system and substation, and perhaps access roads to each turbine site.
Facts about Artfield Fell wind farm
- Name: Artfield Fell
- Wind turbine Supplier: Siemens, Model: SWT1.3-62, Units: 15,
- Country: UK
- Developer: DP Energy
- State: Southern Scotland
- City: Dumfries & Galloway, Luce
- Owner: SSE